Most people if not all, love nature and what it has in it, ranging from the vegetation to animals. Talking of animals, many of them have various facts, and so is the deer. The deer is one of the most beautiful, and speedy animals, which is known to other because of its eyes. The mammal which belongs to a group of herbivores can be found in most regions other than Antartica and Australia. The male deer are known as bulls, stags or harts, while the female deer are referred to as does, or hinds. The young one of a deer is then known as a calf or fawn. Having known the basic about the deer, a few rare facts would be worth being aware of:
One thing that distinguishes deer from other ruminants is the bony outgrowth from their heads, which have no keratin in them, as compared to the real horns. Although not all deer have antlers, most of them do, and this is one of the physical ways to distinguish deer from other ruminants. Antlers have a dermal covering on them as they grow, which is usually rich in nerves and blood vessels. Once the antlers have reached their ultimate size, the “velvet” or dermal covering is gotten rid of as the animal moves through vegetation. Antlers are mainly used for attraction by the males during the mating seasons.
2. Deer can communicate chemically
Most of us must be amazed by this property of deer when it comes to communication. Most types of deer have glands on their legs, hooves, and heads, which communicate with others about various factors. Such scents when produced, communicate more about the social status, gender, physical condition, and even how safe an area is. This might be one of the most wondrous facts about deer.
Deer have eyes on the sides of their heads, which allow them to get attain a vision degree of up to 310. That is why deer find it hard to focus on a single point, given that they have a wide area of view. One interesting thing about the eyes is that they have a good night vision, a feature that is quite useful during just early in the morning or just before dusk so that the deer can see predators, unlike other prey that might not have such a good vision.
4. Listening ability
The deer have many advantages that help them avoid predators more than other prey. The hearing has not been left out in this case since deer have a can hear high sound frequencies that are far more than what we humans can manage. In fact, a dear has ears that can turn to any direction, without the animal having to move its head. This is very useful since the deer can concentrate on the sound to determine whether to run or stay.
Deer have a strong sense of smell, a very useful property that allows them to detect predators even when they are a distance away. To allow odors to stick to their noses and hence improve the sense of smell, deer will lick their noses frequently, which makes the nose stay moist.
6. Fawns protection
Fawns have a unique color other than the dark to light brown color of adults. They are born with spots that are useful in camouflaging the fawns against enemy predators. Other than that, fawns lack a scent as well, to prevent predators from detecting them.
Deer are more active during the summer period since this is when they get enough food that gives them the energy to stay active. During the winter period, deer eat consume only one-third of what they consume during winter since they stay in the woods to avoid the cold. During this time, they are less active and will spend most of the time resting.
8. Deer can swim
For those people who find it challenging to swim, just know that deer can do better than you do. In fact, deer can swim comfortably even in deep waters!!
9. Male deer
One thing about the male deer that should be a lesson to how we humans live is the protection offered by a male deer to his family. A male deer will always be protective and defensive when it comes to matters concerning the security of his family. In fact, most types of deer male deer can even collide with another deer who tries to offend his family, which of course, in this case, is the hind or fawns.
10. Change of color
The deer’s fur coat is designed to change color depending on the season, to adapt to the conditions of that season. During summer, for example, the fur coat will be thin and reddish to allow the deer to cope with heat stress, while the winter coat will be different in color and thickness.